Dental hygiene and prevention
A dazzling smile, fresh breath, and healthy teeth are qualities that merit to be maintained. A regular appointment with a dental hygienist allows you to preserve this well-being.
What is dental plaque and tartar?
Dental plaque is a whitish deposit that forms in a few hours on the surface of teeth. It is made up of food remains, saliva, and bacteria that spread and leads to caries and periodontal disease.
Among the very diverse bacterial flora present in this biofilm, Streptococcus mutans is the bacteria responsible for the development of caries. Porphyromonas gingivalis and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitants are the main pathogens of periodontal disease.
The continual accumulation of minerals from salivary secretions in dental plaque transforms it into tartar.
It is thus indispensable to eliminate regularly this dental plaque by brushing teeth at least twice daily.
What is good personal dental hygiene?
A toothbrush with supple nylon bristles. Hard toothbrushes risk damaging tooth enamel and injuring gums. A frequent change of your toothbrush is necessary as worn toothbrushes lose their effectiveness.
A good technique of brushing adapted to your oral situation and your dexterity.
Interdental cleaning, usually with dental floss or small brushes, allows to eliminate dental plaque that has formed on the sides of teeth difficult to reach.
A meticulous dental hygiene allows to avoid caries development, to maintain a healthy periodontium, and to limit the accumulation of tartar. This tartar, even in a small quantity, can provoke gingival inflammation manifesting as gingival bleeding and bad breath.
Why a dental hygienist?
The dental hygienist has the expertise to remove this tartar (scaling), which is then followed by polishing and fluoride treatment of your teeth. In addition, she adapts instructions for a good brushing technique at home on a personalized basis, including advice on appropriate interdental cleaning tools, and the frequency of appointments. These elements contribute to the prevention of periodontal disease and caries.
What is a scaling by the dental hygienist?
Scaling consists of the elimination of tartar by ultrasonic or manual instruments. Gingival bleeding can happen during scaling, depending on the degree of inflammation present. In the case of dental hypersensitivity, a local anaesthetic can be given to ensure a more pleasant procedure.
Polishing leaves the tooth surface smoother, thus slowing down the reappearance of tartar, and eliminates any superficial discolouration.
Fluoride treatment remineralizes tooth enamel and helps to prevent caries. It also decreases any eventual transitory sensitivity occurring after scaling.